Child Development Theories

Child Development Theories
Every child goes through a series of developmental changes in his life, right from the age of infancy to adolescence. It is a complex process, and understanding the basics and variable about the development theories is difficult for a common person. There have been many theories in the past that try to explain and give a proper shape to find proper ways and stages of development of a child. Many theorist and psychologists are working even today to make more developments and addition to the previous theories.
A well-known psychiatrist Freud, developed many theories about human nature by trying to explain it in psychosexual terms. He even explained the psychology of children by describing and relating how different sexual stages such as the oral, anal, latency and other genital phases of change make differential and major impacts on the development of a child. His theories are however questionable, and many current theorists disregard it as an important theory in the study of child development. A main critic on his theory is that his emphasis on male development stages is more eminent then on general and situational child behavior.
A major work in child development theories came forth with the introduction of a new concept that is the impact of the environment on a child’s behavior. This theory says that children are highly affected by the surrounding in which they are living. This theory makes segmentation of all the sorts of environments and discusses how they individually and in combination effect the development of a child. This child development theory explains the changes that affect the child in a chronological order. Variables in environment developmental theory is friends, family, educational institute and society as a whole. The income, culture, and even emotional incidents such as the death or sickness of a person close to a child may also have huge impact on the psychology of the child, and thus all these factors are included in environmental child development theories.
Interpersonal relations also have immense impact on the psychology of children. Attachment theory of child development discusses these factors in details. It says that strong and committed relations in a family pay huge impact in the growth and development of a child. A strongly bonded family system makes for the strong characteristic development in a child. Attachment theory discusses the factors and designs which make up for successful eradication of child development problem.
Another theory by a theorist elaborately defines how a person can reach to adulthood in following the simple stages, which he defined. He defined and presented he stages, these stages are kind of like challenges and or crises that one ought to go through. All stages of development by this theorist have questions that one needs to answer. For example his stage of competency have questions like am I worthless or successful. These stages define all the pattern of ages in a person, even those from the age seven to eleven. Thus by following this pattern one can identify the development of a child.