What Is Child Support? An Insight

Child support is defined as a signed order in written format from a judge, according to which, a person needs to pay a predefined amount of money at specific intervals of time to meet the expenses related to a child’s care.

In a broader aspect, a child support may also specifically mention the name of the person who will be responsible for funding the health insurance for the child in question.
Now that we have a fairly elaborate definition of child support, we need to know when exactly such order is passed. There are two broad instances when a judge may pass such order.

They are mentioned below:
When two parents are not living together. For the child’s best interest, both parents may have to provide financial support. This is a good practice because, with such financial support, the child never runs into the risk of becoming state ward or become dependent on the welfare programs run by the state.
• An order may be issued when any one of the two parents has ceased any kind of contact with the child. There is however, one escape route here for the off-contact parent. In case he or she, with permission from the other parent, legally surrenders parental rights, such order cannot be passed.

So, who is responsible for paying child support?

Generally, child support is paid in case of divorce or case of unmarried parents. In either case, the payment is made by one parent to the other. As a rule of thumb, in normal cases, the parent who holds the custodial rights for the child’s upkeep receives payments from the parent who is non-custodial. To put in layman’s language, the parent who stays with the child and takes care of the child and helps the child to grow up receives the money from the parent who has not taken up those responsibilities.
However, a different situation may also be cited where payments may be ordered even in situations of joint-custody. If a situation like this arises, one of the parents will have the rights to take care of the child most of the times while the other parent will be responsible for making the payments. This may sound similar to the above case but there is remarkable difference between the two. In the first case, two parents do not stay together but in this case, both parents will stay together with the child.
There is a biding about the relationship between the child and the parent asked to pay. The child must either be adopted or genetic child of the parent responsible for paying child support. This means that there needs to be legal biding between the child and the parent. An example will explain this best. A stepfather will pay for the child’s upkeep till the point he is married to the child’s mother. However, if divorce takes place, the stepfather will not be obligated to pay, if child was not legally adopted by him during the period of marriage.